LAN STORAGE 650 BT Network Attached Storage (NAS)
What is it?
A disk enclosure with built in Network Attached Storage (NAS) with USB host for more drives and/or USB print server.
Add a 3.5" SATA type hard disk (not included) and connect to your
router and you have a fully functional networked server. (File server,
networked print server, FTP, BitTorrent etc).
- In NAS mode, one USB device can be attached to the USB HOST port or multiple USB devices, can be connected
via a USB Hub.
Can also be used as USB connected drive. (USB Host and print server are not functional in this mode)
Bright blue LED power and network link lights. (No drive access light).
- Large fan is fairly quiet. It's just noticeable in a totally quiet room. (My laptop is louder).
Note - Loud fans are a common complaint with some of the name brand NAS devices.
Setup and configuration is accomplished by using a web browser to access the
user interface. Very similar to the interface you have on a
- Low cost
- Uses much less power than a network server on a full sized computer system.
- When connected as a NAS, the drive can be remotely
accessed without using resources from your other computer system(s) on
your network. It works even when your other computer(s) are turned off.
- Gives you basic server functions without having to be an IT specialist.
What's In The Box:
- Sturdy Aluminum Enclosure for a 3.5" SATA disk
(Disk drive is not included)
202mm (L) x 127mm (W) x 46mm (H)
8" (L) x 5" (W) x 1.8" (H)
- Power Supply
(IN: 100-240VAC 1.0A, OUT: 12VDC 2.0A)
- AC cord
- Side stand
- USB cable
- CAT5 Network cable (5')
- Drive Power cable
- SATA disk serial data cable
- GUI Manual, Drive Installation Guide, Hard Drive Enclosure Owner's Manual
- 4 screws for drive installation
USB HOST - For connecting external drive(s) and /or printers (NAS Only)
LAN - 10/100Mb RJ45
USB 2.0 - For using device as a USB connected drive
12 VDC power
On Off switch
- Circuit Board WLX-650BT V2.0 09-08-19
- Chipset: Cavium Networks - Star (CNS2132)
Flash RAM: 4MB (25L3205)
- Memory: 16MB x 16 (HY5DU561622)
is no brand or manufacture name anywhere on the unit. Just LAN STORAGE
Model 650BT. Made in China of course. From markings on the circuit board, I believe the manufacture is: WLX
Shenzhen Wanlongxin Electron Science CO.,LTD
The device is sold by Cubeternet
and probably others. Offered on E-bay and Amazon from Cubeternet and
others as well. I have seen this for sale with black case.
The firmware running inside is a chopped down Linux operating
system. It is not necessary to be a Linux guru in order to operate this
Firmware can be
updated but I can not find any link to download it. I inquired at
Cubeternet but they replied saying that the latest firmware is stable
and they would send me a link if a newer version became available. Not
holding my breath.... I have since flashed the firmware with Snake OS
which is supposed to be more stable. DO NOT attempt to update the
firmware unless you have the firmware .BIN file ready. You could
'brick' the device and render it useless. If you
change your firmware to Snake OS the read the instructions
carefully....Use the correct firmware 'from original' the first time
you change firmware. Note you cannot go back to original unless you can
find the original .bin file. If you find one please let me know. E-Mail me
Note that this web site is being hosted from my LAN Storage 650 BT NAS.
This device can be either a network drive / server OR a USB2.0 attached disk drive. Not both
at the same time. The unit can be switched from one to the
other at any time by simply powering down and changing the cables.
It was not really clear to me what all this device can do when I bought
it. I was just looking for a network drive to run backups on my various
home desktop and laptop computers. I considered a USB only backup drive
set up with a share and that would have worked for just a backup drive
as long as the system it's attached to is always on.
One Bad FYI:
Did not work well on my WIFI 'G' network (WPA2). It's actually Windows
that does not work. Works much better on higher speed 'N' network and no problem at all on
wired network connections. See Wireless Networking Issues below.
Note: If the ultra bright blue Power and Link LED's bother you
then you can remove the LED connectors from the board. They are the 2
connectors with the white wires.
- Remove 4 screws from Bottom (side without fan)
- Remove 1 screw each, on ends of plastic side covers and slide out of rails.
- Install power and data cables to drive
- Install drive using 4 supplied screws
- Install power and data cables to circuit board
Formatting the Hard Disk and/or Attached USB Drives
The firmware has a format utility but will only format FAT32 (Original firmware) or EXT3 (SNAKE
If you want to be able to store large video or audio files > 4GB on the
drive then the choices are NTFS (Windows) or EXT3 (Linux).
The device also supports older Windows formats FAT32, FAT16 etc.
you want to format your drive with anything other than what the
firmware will do, then you must connect the device via USB and format
on a system which supports the formatting type that you want. Your
drive could also be connected to a controller in your PC as a 2nd drive
and formatted there.
Drives which are already partitioned and formatted on other systems will
work as is.
- Drive is recognized and usable by Windows when attached by USB. (Or later installed in a computer system)
Can be slow to transfer files especially writing to the drive over network connection. (NTFS on USB connection is much faster).
If you have large amounts of data to transfer to the drive then it is
much faster to connect as a USB drive..... do the transfer.... then put back on
the network. (This is what I did when I did my initial backup of a couple of gigs of photos and video files).
The Firmware OS swap file (if enabled) should not be on an NTFS drive.
- Anonymous logins to FTP does not work when the ftp root is on NTFS drive (Snake OS).
(Since my drive is formatted NTFS, I solved swap drive and
FTP problems by attaching a 4GB 'thumb' drive to the USB pass through
formatted EXT3 then setting my FTP root and swap file to use the 'thumb' drive.
Best file transfer speeds. More efficient because this is a native Linux format as is the firmware operating system.
Drive not recognized when device is connected via USB. Windows will ask
if you would like to format the unknown drive. Please answer NO! (There are some 3rd
party programs which can be installed in Windows to give access. I have
not tried any). An EXT3 formated drive could also be accessed when
connected as a USB drive by booting your PC with one of the Linux live
boot CD's which can read both formats. Fedora is one example.
I was a bit confused when researching the EXT3 vs NTFS issues. I had
first thought that EXT3 format would not be usable in Windows when used as a
NAS but that is not the case.
When connected as NAS all formats are usable - EXT3 (Linux) and NTFS +
other Windows formats are recognized and usable in Windows XP, 2000, 7 etc.
When connected as USB drive, only NTFS or other Windows formats are
recognized by Windows unless other 3rd party software is used.
I ended up formatting my 2T Western Digital drive as NTFS. Took over 5 hours to format.
Original Firmware Functions:
A manual for the Original Firmware can be downloaded here
- UPnP (DLNA) Media Server
- DHCP - Static or DHCP client or DHCP server
- File Server with share management. (Set user passwords to directories)
- DDNS - Only supports this provider (free service) http://www.changeip.net
- USB printer server
- Disk partition and formating utility (Formats FAT32)
- Firmware update utility
- NTP Time setup
I have abandoned the original firmware and installed Snake OS on my device.
Most of the reason that I changed was because the original firmware
seemed to lock up a lot.
My problems could have been because of the WIFI issues I was having before switching to my N router.
Note Snake OS works on some other NAS models with the same chipset and
memory configuration. WLX-652 and NS-K330 These are NAS devices which
do not have the internal hard disks
. Check the Snake OS
web site to be sure your model number will work. Do not attempt to
update firmware on an unsupported device. You will most likely 'brick'
The biggest difference between the Original firmware and Snake OS is that Original has UPnP
(DLNA) where the Snake OS does not.
Do not change to Snake OS if you want UPnP for your TV, game console etc.
Also the Snake OS has the Web Server where Original does not.
Snake OS has a swap file to help out with the limited RAM space on the
board. Can be configured to use the internal or any attached
disk. Not recommended for use on an NTFS drive. I attached s 4GB
'thumb' drive formatted EXT3 and set my swap file to that.
Don't know if Original firmware uses a swap file? If it does it's not visible or configurable.
Download Snake OS manual here.
When used as a network drive, the networked server provides the
following services which can be enabled or disabled and
configured via the web GUI.
DDNS (Dynamic DNS) Supports dydns.org or zoneedit.com or no-ip.com
FTP (File Transfer Protocol)
Samba (File server - Allows file access in Windows)
SFTP/SSH (Secure FTP)
Swapfile (Helps with limited RAM space)
Syslog (Allows the Linux system log to be accessed externally)
Telnet (Remote system access)
Transmission (BitTorrant - for peer to peer file transfer)
WebServer (Run a web page server)
If your ISP blocks port 80 then you can get around that by setting up port forwarding in your router)
Other functions and utilities in Snake OS:
- DHCP - Static or DHCP Client
- NTP time setup
- USB printer server
- Disk Formatter (EXT3 only)
- Share setup
- Firmware update utility
- System Monitor (Shows RAM usage, CPU loading and swap file usage)
When attached as a USB drive then this device functions as any USB drive (None of the services above can be used)
The USB HOST pass through is not functional when connected as a USB drive.
Original vs Snake OS V1.3.2
|File Server (Samba)
|Share User Service
|UPnP (DLNA) Server
|Disk Format Utility
|GUI + external
Note: I do not know how well each of the above functions are supported
by each firmware. I am more familiar with the Snake OS as I did not use
the Original firmware very long.
- I have
configured my router to reserve an IP address
192.168.1.xxx for the MAC address of the NAS. This way the NAS
always gets the same IP and I don't have to hunt around for the IP
address to run the GUI. This is required if you use port forwarding.
Reserve an IP that is higher than the other IP numbers that the other
systems might get. For example if you have 3 devices beginning at
192.168.1.101 then reserve an IP address ...104 or higher for the NAS.
- You can also get to the GUI by typing the hostname into your browser no matter what IP address is. For example: http://NAS
- Port Forwarding: Since my IP blocks port 80, I set up
port forwarding on my router using a different port. Set up web server
in the NAS to the same port.
- Do not use the DDNS on the NAS if you have a router. Use DDNS on your router instead.
- Swap file: Since my main drive is formated NTFS, I put a 4GB 'thumb'
drive on the USB Host port and formatted the 'thumb' drive to EXT3. I use that for my swap file. Swap min. size
is 256 Mb.
- FTP via anonymous did not work (Snake OS) on my NTFS formatted
drive. I set up my root FTP to my EXT3 formatted USB Thumb drive
attached to the NAS device instead and it works fine.
Wireless Networking Issues:
I have the 650BT device with a 2TB drive installed and formatted NTFS.
My swap partition is on a thumb drive connected to the USB port on the
650BT. 4GB formatted EXT3
When my PC's were connected via G WIFI, I had these
I have two XP and one Win 7 computer connected via wireless G - WRT54G route.
- During large file transfers (~200MB) either to NAS OR from NAS to
computer. File transfer just stops sometimes with explorer.exe crash.
- Frequently when just 'drilling' down through directory structures
several layers - Windows Explorer will also freeze and crash.
- When playing large MPG files stored on NAS to Windows media player.
WMP will stop playing and complain about lost connection or missing file
- Also after failing file transfer Windows explorer.exe will sometimes
halt and reboot itself (both XP and 7).
(All the desktop icons disappear and then reappear).
- Have same issues using the NTFS drive AND when using the EXT3 thumb
- Had the same issues with original firmware and latest Snake OS.
- The NAS (Snake OS) does not crash at all. Happily running before and
after with no problem when the above issues happen. My original firmware
crashed and I had to reboot the NAS but not sure if related.
When my laptop computer is connected to my router via hardwire CAT5 cable then
I DO NOT see any of the above problems.
I have now changed to a new router Linksys 400N and wireless N network.
The problems seem to have mostly gone away when using the higher speed N
wireless. Problems still happen on my laptop with G wireless but then
computer is close enough to my router that I can easily connect via cat5
OK I have also notice the problem one time so far when using my N @ 5
GHz but at the time there was low signal strength / throughput.
Note I have not done extensive testing yet using the N wireless.
Note That similar problems above are reported on many forums using various
commercial NAS devices as well but no one has specified what type of
network they are running, G or N or wired.
Do a Web search: [explorer crash NAS] or [WIFI crash NAS] etc.
Some report better results when changing from WPA2 to WEP.
Questions Comments? Email me here.